Natural Resources

Water
Adopted by delegates at state Annual Meeting, May 31, 2014. Click here to download pdf document.

Maintaining access to clean water which supports life and a healthy environment is a public trust, a fundamental human right, and is the shared responsibility of all who live or do business in Wisconsin.  Managing water as a natural resource is essential to maintaining our quality of life
and the strength of our economy, as well as to ensuring its availability to support the mix of natural flora and fauna which is unique to our state. Decisions about water use and management must be made with consideration for public safety and the impact those decisions will have on all current and future generations of stakeholders.

Water quality and quantity standards need to be addressed in terms of whole basin management and the hydrologic cycle. That is, management not just of the water itself, but of the land and watersheds which drain to  wetlands, aquifer, meteoric groundwater, river, lake or other body of water, whether it is naturally occurring or constructed, and wherever it is located.  Water management is therefore accomplished as management of all parts of an integrated system within basin boundaries and of any water which may move into or out of that system. 

We hold a vision of life where prudent management of water resources leads to sustainable use, where consumption does not exceed the environment’s ability to replenish and to protect itself, and where its quality and quantity is such that all native aquatic species
and other water dependent wildlife thrive.  All current and future generations of stakeholders in Wisconsin shall enjoy the benefits of equal access to natural sources of clean, fresh water.

We support:

Reaffirming the Great Lakes Compact
(Wis Stat 281.344-346), which strictly limits unnatural diversions of water from within the Great Lakes Basin.  The Great Lakes Compact provides guidelines for mandatory standards of water conservation and efficient water management within the Great Lakes Basin.  We support extending these mandatory standards to all waters of the State to prevent ground and surface water depletion.

Water conservation programs that:

1. Are based on best practices and sound data

2. Prevent depletion of our water resources

3. Take into account cumulative impacts of local and regional water use.

4. Prevent the spread of aquatic invasive species.

Ongoing testing and monitoring for water quality and quantity on state and local levels.

State, local and citizen legal authority to set and enforce their water quality and water management standards.

Respect for Tribal sovereignty and treaty rights in regard to water resources.

Protecting water quality and quantity through wastewater and stormwater standards and management for both point and non-point sources.

1.  Adjust cumulative discharge standards for waste and storm water discharges into surface or underground water where effluent levels have been proven toxic.

a. Acknowledge that cumulative discharge may come from a combination of sources which include, but are not limited to agricultural, mining and forestry, industrial, commercial, municipal, residential and institutional. (“Agriculture” is understood to be broadly defined to include any agricultural practices including current or emerging technologies.)

b. Utilize sustainable practices and green infrastructure that mimic natural hydrologic processes to augment natural processes to control runoff.

2.  Work to eliminate all emergency discharges or spills of untreated sewage, or waste or polluting materials into the environment that threaten public health and the environment by potentially contaminating sources of clean water for humans, wildlife habitat and fisheries.

a.  Increase and enforce per incidence fines offending parties are assessed and create fines and funds to restore the negatively impacted environment.

b.  Decrease stormwater loadings that negatively impact the capacity of wastewater treatment facilities, decreasing the potential for overflows.

c.  Monitor the transport of polluting materials both overland, over waterways  and in underground pipelines.

3.  Provide natural areas where runoff from impermeable surfaces and extreme precipitation events can soak into the soil instead of being released directly into bodies of water or directly into wetlands:

a.  Promotes replenishment of the hydrologic cycle as well as harvesting of rainwater for immediate uses (such as drinking water, irrigation, and livestock).

b.  Prevents the loss of limited sources of drinking water by allowing fresh water to follow its natural course of eventually flowing to the ocean.

c.  Prevents trash, bacteria, phosphorus, heavy metals, pharmaceuticals and other pollutants from unrestricted entry into bodies of water.

4.  Protect and enhance the biological integrity of wetlands and other naturally-occurring hydrologic resources that provide water quality, flood protection and habitat benefits.

Sufficient funding for state and federal agencies to monitor water quality and quantity through regular testing, and have a legally defined mandate to act in upholding water standards.

1.  Establish dedicated revenue sources to provide a dependable source of funding for state water quality programs.

2.  Revenue sources should have a clear and transparent connection to the use or potential abuse of water, generate sufficient funds to make an impact on water quality and quantity issues, and be easy to collect.  Funding options should include:

a.  General revenue sources because all Wisconsin citizens benefit from adequate water quality and quantity.

b.  User fees and taxes assessed to activities that affect water quality and quantity.

c.  Other revenue sources not mentioned may be considered for support if they meet these criteria.


Note: Further positions affecting water are under Pesticides.

Copyright League of Women Voters of Wisconsin